Tele o faʻalavelave i le gagana i le tuputupu aʻe tausaga e faʻatau atu i tamaititi aoga pe, i le tele, i tausaga muamua o aʻoga. E matua itiiti lava, Peitai, o suʻesuʻega e popole iai o le faʻaleleia o le gagana i talavou.

I le 2017, o se suʻesuʻega masani a Lowe ma ana uo [1] faʻatusatusa ni suʻesuʻega e uiga i le faʻaleleia atili o upu vaʻaia i tupulaga talavou na fautuaina:

  • semantic auala
  • o se faʻatusatusaga i le va o le faʻaogaina o uiga ma faʻamasinoga
  • o se manatu faʻaʻamau tuʻufaʻatasia ma le faʻailogaina phonological

E ui i le laititi o numera o suʻesuʻega (13), e masani lava e le maualuga le tulaga ma le feteʻenaʻi o fegalegaleaiga ma faiga faʻatulagaina, ae o loʻo iai pea i latou tusitala na latou fiafia i manatu (vaega) faaiuga.

Faʻamanuiaga taua

O iʻuga o lenei ituaiga faʻalavelave e gata. Naʻo le tasi le suʻesuʻega mai le fa na iloiloina [1] na alualu ai i luma taua. O le togafitiga fuafuaina i le suʻesuʻega e fesiligia (o se faʻataʻitaʻiina o le faʻataʻitaʻi faʻataʻitaʻi i 54 tama taʻi i le va o le 10 ma le 15,3 tausaga) sa faʻavae i luga:

  • faʻavasegaina o 'upu e ala i faʻafanua mafaufau
  • faʻaaogaina o upu uiga tutusa, anonimoni, faʻatautala upu ma faʻauiga

O le togafitiga na taʻi 6 vaiaso, ma 2 vasega ole 50 minute ile vaiaso. O le kulupu na latou talia togafitiga e faʻavae i luga o tala faʻamatala (tala fausaga, tala faʻamatala ma malamalamaaga ma faʻatonuga). O vaega uma e lua, i le iʻuga na faʻaalia mai ni suiga taua ma se tulaga lautele o upu e leʻi aʻoaʻoina.

Faʻatusatusaga i le va o fesoʻotaʻiga semantic ma phonological

Lua suʻesuʻega ua faʻatusatusa fomaʻi faʻamatalaga ma faʻamaufaʻailoga taua mo le faʻaleleia o le faʻaoga upu vaʻaia.

O le suʻesuʻega a Hyde Wright ma ana uo [2], sa faia i tamaiti 30 e i le va o le 8 i le 14 tausaga mo le 5 vaiaso (3 taimi i le vaiaso), faʻatusatusa:

  • fegalegaleaiga faʻalavelave: faʻaalia o le stimulus sosoʻo ai ma fesili fonologia (eg o se umi pe puʻupuʻu upu?)
  • fegalegaleaiga faʻamanatuga: faʻaalia o le stimulus sosoʻo ai ma fesili semantik (eg. e mafai ona faʻamatala mai lenei ata?)

E tusa ai ma lenei suʻesuʻega, o le faʻaalu manatunatuga i le faʻalavelave faamaonia sili atu le aoga i lautele i upu e leʻi aʻoaʻoina (ae ui i lea, o le umi o faʻamanatuga togafitiga faʻalapotopotoga umi e tusa ma le faaluaina o le phonological togafitiga).

I se suʻesuʻega ma se ata tutusa, na iloa ai e Bragard ma ana uo [3]:

  • tamaiti faʻatasi ma faʻafitauli tau fatu na tali lelei atu i togafitiga semantik
  • tamaiti faʻafitauli faigata na tali lelei atu i togafitiga faʻafomaʻi

Tuufaatasia phonological ma semantic fesoasoani

Ole suʻesuʻega e fitu na suʻesuʻeina, e ese mai ai lava ni eseʻesega (faʻapitoa poʻo vaega laiti) ua faʻaalia uma lava se faʻaleleia atili.

O le faʻaaogaina o se auala masani fausia o mafaufau mafaufau ma pepa lautele ma upu fou ua aʻoaʻoina; faamatalaina phonological faalavelavea i nai suesuega, ae masani popole popole i gaoioiga e pei o bingo ma faʻamatalaga faʻailo fesoʻotaʻi ma ni upu fou na aʻoaʻoina.

O le umi o faʻalavelave e ese mai i le va o le 6 i le 10 vaiaso i fonotaga o le 30 i le 60 minute mo le tasi, lua pe tolu taimi i le vaiaso.

Tuufaatasia phonological ma semantic fesoasoani

E ui i le laititi o numera o suʻesuʻega (ma a latou aotelega o uiga) na mafai e tusitala ona faaiu:

  • o se faʻalavelave i le gagana faʻaalia e oʻo lava i talavou aʻo agaʻi atu i se faʻalelei sili atu
  • a tuufaatasi phonological-semantic auala foliga mai e sili atu nai lo na o phonological po semantic auala

[1] Lowe H, Henry L, Müller LM, Joffe VL. Faʻalavelave upu mo tupulaga talavou ma faʻaletonu le gagana: o se faʻavae talafeagai. Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2018;53(2):199-217.

[2] JOFFE, VL, 2006, Faʻaleleia o le gagana ma fesoʻotaʻiga i gagana le aoga vaivai tamaiti aoga-matutua tamaiti. I le J. Clegg ma J. Ginsborg (eds), Gagana ma le le lava ole agafesootai: O manatu ile faʻataʻitaʻi (Chichester: Wiley), itu. 207-216.

[3] HYDE WRIGHT, S., GORRIE, B., HAYNES, C. ma SHIPMAN, A., 1993, O le a le igoa? Faatusatusaga togafitiga mo upu-sailifaaleagaina e faaaoga semantic ma phonological auala. Child JLanguage Aoao Atu ma Togafitiga, 9, 214-229.

[4] BRAGARD, A., SCHELSTRAETE, M.-A., SNYERS, P. ma JAMES, DGH, 2012, ma Upu-suʻesuʻega fesoasoani mo tamaiti e iai le gagana faʻapitoa: tele o mataupu e tasi. Tautua ole gagana, tautalaga ma faʻalogo ile aoga, 43 (2), 222-232.

Amata amataina ma lolomi Ulufale e suʻe

Gagana faʻalavelave ma le faʻapitoa le mafaufau
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